Historical Perspectives from 1910-1950 Importance to Rehab Services and Persons With Disabilities Historical Perspective from 1950-2023 Cultural Attitudes
Which state was first to pass workers compensation law

Before then in 1908 was the Federal Employers Liability Act which gave rights of compensation to railroad employees

Wisconsin in 1911
What is
1.) Temporary Total Disability
2.) Temporary Partial Disability
3.) Permanent Total Disability
4.) Permanent Partial Disability
The 4 Disability benefits Workers' Compensation provides
What was the last state to pass compensation act laws? (Hint: It is a southern state)
European and German
These cultures influenced the Workers Comp system we have in the U.S today
Earliest example of workers compensation system
Ancient Sumeria Laws in 2500 B.C
What is 26 weeks
When rehabilitation is necessary and proper rehabilitation services are needed, how many weeks are these services provided.
As long as the employer/employee is under a worker's compensation contract, the employee is allowed to take as much time as they need to recover
How long of a leave of absence can an employee take if they get injured on the job?
African Americans and Hispanics
Which demographic(s) worked jobs with the highest risk injury?
How long did it take for every state to pass its own workers compensation law?
Not Until About 1949 did at least 37 states have laws

This time period also led to what is known as the great trade off

Trade off: Workers could not sue employee, and employers were forced to give compensation due to work related injuries
What is 2018
The year when the legislature enacted laws for vocational rehabilitation participants in a work-related setting should be covered under workers' compensation
About 40 years
How long did it take in total for every state in the U.S to pass some type of compensation law?
Education, wealth, and income
What are the reasons that minority workers had higher rates of work related injuries?
What was previously known as the unholy trinity of defenses was passed
Contributory negligence: an employer could not be to blame if it was the workers fault on the job

“Fellow Servant” Doctrine: employers were not to blame if injury was caused by other workers

Assumption of risk: Meant employees knew of risks before taking the job so employers were not at fault for any injuries.
What is 66 2/3 or 66.67 percent
In the case of total disability adjudged to be permanent what percent of the average weekly wages shall be paid to the employee during the continuation of the disability
A trade off between workers and employees which protected employers from being sued by workers in exchange for compensation if injured on the job
What is known as "The Great Compromise" ?
In what year was the Congress of Industrial Organizations founded to combat racist practices of the American Federation of Labor?
What Grand event was a catalyst for Workers Comp Laws
March 25th 1911

Shirtwaist Company Fired

146 Workers Died due to locked exits from company not wanting workers to leave for breaks and limit stealing. This forced many woman’s only exit to be through the windows of the building.

This happened one day after workers comp laws were claimed unconstitutional by the state of New York
What is claimants must establish that their disability probably would b permanent.
Prior to the 1979 amendments of providing vocational rehabilitation, what makes and individual eligible for workers' comp.
It requires facilities to make their locations handicap accessible for it's employees and provide reasonable accommodations if needed
Describe Section 504 of the Rehab Act passed in 1973.
Hispanics and African-Americans
Which demographics are more prone to experiencing further injury after returning to work soon after work-related injury?

Workers' Compensation 1910-current

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