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DNA DNA Replication Scientists RNA Protein Synthesis
100
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
100
What is the enzyme responsible for separating the DNA strands for replication?
DNA helicase
100
Who was responsible for the crystallography wagon wheel photograph?
Rosalind Franklin
100
What does RNA stand for?
Ribonucleic Acid
100
What is transcription?
The creation of mRNA from a DNA strand
200
What is it named after?
The deoxyribose sugar
200
What is it called at the point of separation?
A replication fork
200
Who stated that A=T and C=G in all living species?
Chargaff
200
What is it named after?
The ribose sugar in its nucleotide
200
What is translation?
The creation of a polypeptide strand of amino acids from tRNA, mRNA and rRNA.
300
What are the bases of DNA?
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine and Thymine
300
What is the enzyme responsible for adding the DNA bases to the replicated strand?
DNA polymerase
300
Who received the nobel prize for the structure of DNA?
Watson & Crick
300
What are the bases of RNA?
Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine and Guanine
300
What are the results of transcription and translation?
protein synthesis
400
What is the shape of DNA?
A double helix.
400
What does semi conservative mean?
That each strand has a new and an old strand
400
Who was the partner of Rosalind Franklin?
Wilkins
400
What are the three types of RNA?
mRNA, rRNA and tRNA
400
Where does translation occur?
In the cytoplasm
500
Where is your DNA located?
On chromosomes in the nucleus of the cell
500
What does complementary base pairing mean?
That A pairs with T and C pairs with G
500
Who was the American from the team of Watson and Crick?
James Watson
500
What is a nucleotide?
A nitrogenous base, sugar and a phosphate group
500
Which RNA takes part in both transcription and translation?
messenger RNA






Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis

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