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Emergent and Early Literacy Phonics and Reading Development Fluency Miscellaneous Comprehension
100
What is phonological awareness?
An umbrella term indicating the ability to recognize, identify, and manipulate spoken sounds and words.
100
What is a morpheme?
The smallest unit of meaning.
100
What are the components of fluency?
Accuracy, rate, and prosody
100
What is a morpheme?
The smallest unit of meaning.
100
What are levels of comprehension meaning-making?
literal, inferential, and evaluative
200
What is phonemic awareness?
The most complex level of phonological awareness including identification, segmentation, and manipulation of sounds. It is also one predictor of reading success.
200
What are consonant blends?
Consonant pairs or clusters where you still hear and say each sound.
200
What is the instructional level (i.e. the zone of proximal development) in reading accuracy?
90-94% accuracy in a text
200
What is inflectional endings?
Affixes added to the end of words to indicate number or tense.
200
What are text structures in informational texts?
chronological, descriptive, cause and effect, compare/contrast, problem/solution, question/answer
300
What is alphabetic principle?
Awareness that phonemes (sounds) are represented by letters and letter pairs.
300
What are approaches to phonics instruction?
Synthetic vs Analytic
(Synthetic part-to-whole; analytic whole-to-part)
300
What are instructional strategies for fluency development?
repeated readings, echo reading, choral reading, reader's theatre, partner reading
300
What is a running/reading record?
An assessment that allows for in-depth observation of children's decoding, accuracy, and fluency as readers.
300
What is think aloud?
the process of talking about your thinking and process of a text while applying multiple strategies as a reader to facilitate children's meaning-making
400
What is emergent literacy?
The notion that literacy begins before a can speak and that literacy is a continual process of development.
400
What are the three cueing systems to support readers in predicting, confirming, and self-correcting words with automaticity?
Semantics (meaning), syntax (Structure), and phonics (visual)
400
What is round robin reading?
A reading methods that does NOT support fluency development or accuracy and should not be used in classroom instruction.
400
What is the gradual release of responsibility?
I do (explain and model), we do (practice with feedback), you do (independent/group application)
400
What is close reading?
A process of reading a text multiple times to support children to build more complex understanding over time.
500
What is phoneme manipulation?
adding, deleting, and substituting sounds in words
500
What is multisensory instruction?
A type of instruction often used in phonics that engages more than one sense at a time. Using sight, hearing, movement, and touch gives kids more than one way to connect with what they are learning. This is helpful for children to internalize and engage with their learning experiences.
500
What is words correct per minute (WCPM) and/or a rubric with components such as prosody, expression, rate, and phrasing?
The way that fluency is calculated and tracked when listening to children's reading aloud.
500
What are choice, engagement, motivation, and agency?
Beyond the components of literacy instruction (fluency, comprehension, phonics, phonological awareness, vocabulary) this/these components distinctly matter in building successful literacy instruction.
500
What is metacognitive strategies?
The ability to become aware of one's own reading process and thoughts as they read.




Literacy in Diverse Classrooms

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