What international organization, founded in 1945, serves as a forum for countries to discuss and coordinate on issues such as peacekeeping, security, and development, and has its headquarters in New York City?
United Nations (UN)
Which city hosts the headquarters of the United Nations, where member states come together for diplomatic discussions and decision-making?
New York City
What is the purpose of international law, and how does it differ from domestic law?
International law primarily focuses on the rights, obligations, and responsibilities of states and international actors, including international organizations and individuals. Domestic law, in contrast, governs the conduct and interactions of individuals, organizations, and entities within a specific country.
What are human rights, and how are they defined in international law?
Human Rights are a set of rights inherent in the nature and existence of humankind as creatures of God Almighty and are His gifts that must be respected, upheld, and protected by the state, law, government, and every person for the respect and protection of human dignity.
The Paris Agreement aims to address which global issue related to the environment?
Which diplomatic alliance, formed during the Cold War, consisted of the United States, Canada, and several Western European countries, aimed at mutual defense against the Soviet Union?
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
The United Nations consists of several specialized agencies. Which agency is primarily responsible for the global health agenda and works to address international health issues?
WHO (World Health Organization)
Explain the role of treaties in international law and provide an example of a significant international treaty!
They maintain stability and diplomatic relations between the States. Example : The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1990 .
Provide examples of fundamental human rights and explain the distinction between civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights!
Right to live, the right to a fair trial, freedom from torture and other cruel and inhuman treatment, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the rights to health, education and an adequate standard of living.
The WTO is responsible for regulating international trade. What does WTO stand for?
World Trade Organization
Which international agreement, signed in 2015, aimed to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons by imposing restrictions on its nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief?
Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)
What is the primary purpose of the United Nations (UN), as outlined in its Charter, which was established in 1945?
To maintain international peace and security
Discuss the concept of just cogens and its importance in international law.
A peremptory norm of general international law (jus cogens) is a norm accepted and recognized by the international community of States as a whole as a norm from which no derogation is permitted and which can be modified only by a subsequent norm of general international law having the same character.
Explain the concept of universality in human rights and the challenges associated with cultural relativism!
Universality means that human beings are endowed with equal human rights simply by virtue of being human, wherever they live and whoever they are, regardless of their status or any particular characteristics.
What ideological conflict characterized the geopolitical tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union during the mid-20th century?
The term "Brexit" is a portmanteau referring to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from which economic and political union?
European Union (EU)
What impact does the United Nations aim to have on global humanitarian efforts, addressing issues such as poverty, hunger, and health?
Fostering international cooperation and sustainable development
What is the principle of state sovereignty, and how does it interact with international legal norms?
Sovereignty and sovereign equality require that each state can freely determine its domestic affairs without intervention from the outside. The principle of non-intervention is universally recognized as one of the cornerstones of international law.
This international document, adopted in 1948, outlines fundamental human rights. What is its name?
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
What is the term for financial or material assistance provided by one country to another in need?
Which waterway connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, serving as a vital international shipping route and a strategic chokepoint?
In terms of human rights, what impact does the United Nations seek to achieve through its various agencies and initiatives?
Upholding and protecting fundamental rights for all individuals worldwide
How do international organizations contribute to the development and enforcement of international law?
In terms of its mandate, international organizations also carry out law-making, law-making and protection functions, as well as investigation, arbitration, judiciary, oversight, international peace and security, and in some cases the maintenance and management of certain territories.
What term refers to efforts aimed at improving the economic and social well-being of developing countries?
The IMF provides financial assistance to member countries facing economic difficulties. What is the main purpose of the IMF?
Economic Stability and Development