Hunters and Gatherers Early Farmers Vocabulary
Band members spent their days either hunting animals such as buffalo or bison, or gathering edible plants.
What did band members spend most of their days doing? Be specific!
There was not enough food available to hunt or gather.
What was the leading cause that led the early people to begin farming?
What is Migration
seasonal movement of animals from one region to another.
Band members would surround and trap animals in order to kill them, or they would chase them off of a cliff.
How did band members use teamwork to hunt?
Early farmers had more food available, they had year-round settlements, and they invented new tools for farming.
What are some advantages of agriculture as opposed to hunting and gathering? List 3
What is a Tundra
a vast, flat, treeless Arctic region of Europe, Asia, and North America in which the subsoil is permanently frozen.
People migrated to southwest Asia, Europe, China, and Australia.
Where did the early people migrate to after leaving Africa? Name four places.
Agriculture brought conflict over land which led to the construction of weapons and walls and ultimately led to war
What are the main problems that resulted because of early farming? List 4
What is division of labor
the assignment of different parts of a manufacturing process or task to different people in order to improve efficiency.
The people who stood out as the best hunters and gatherers were selected as the leaders. This was because these were the most important jobs in their early society.
How were leaders selected in early societies? Why?
Diversity of agriculture brought about trading and the ability to share the wealth. People grew many different crops, or raised many different animals. Not everyone did the same thing.
Why is diversity of agriculture important?
What is a nomad
a member of a people having no permanent abode, and who travel from place to place to find fresh pasture for their livestock.
As populations grew it became more difficult to feed everyone, therefore people groups spread out either in search of new food or to follow animal herds.
How did a need for food repopulate the world?
The early farmers were able to increase food production due to the construction of these tools.
What was the main positive effect of the invention of new farming tools?
What is diversity
showing a great deal of variety; very different.


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