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Heat-Related Cold-Related Care Risks Definitions
100
Heat cramps
Which heat-related emergency is the least severe?
100
When body parts are exposed to the cold.
When does frostbite occur?
100
Move the person to a cooler environment.
What is the first step to caring for heat exhaustion?
100
Hypothermia
What can occur if someone is left in a cold pool for too long?
100
A life-threatening illness that develops when the body’s cooling mechanisms are overwhelmed and body systems begin to fail.
What is a heat stroke?
200
Heat stroke
Which heat-related emergency is the most severe?
200
What is 95'F?
In hypothermia, below what temperature does the body drop?
200
Remove any wet clothing and dry the person off, and wrap the person in blankets. (answers may vary)
What are 2 steps to giving care for hypothermia?
200
The loss of the affected body part.
If not cared for, what can frostbite eventually cause?
200
Results when fluids and electrolytes are lost through perspiration.
What is heat exhaustion?
300
104'F
Above what body temperature does a heat stroke occur?
300
A cold/wet environment, wind, age, medical conditions, and alcohol/drugs/poisoning.
What are three contributing factors to getting hypothermia?
300
Loosely bandage the area with dry, sterile dressings, and call 9-1-1. (answers may vary)
What are 2 steps to giving care for frostbite?
300
Frostbite
What can eventually occur if someone is making a snowman without any gloves on?
300
When the body can no longer generate sufficient heat to maintain normal temperature.
What is hypothermia?
400
Heavy sweating, nausea, and muscle cramps (answers may vary)
What are three signs of heat exhaustion?
400
It can cause skin damage / damage the body part.
What happens if you rub an affected area with frostbite?
400
Rapidly cool the body by immersing the person up to the neck in cold water, if possible.
What is the preferred method of care for heat stroke?
400
The person's condition is worsening.
What does it mean with a person's shivering stops without re-warming?
400
Painful muscle spasms in legs and abdomen.
What are heat cramps?
500
Inadequate fluids in the body's tissues
What is dehydration?
500
It can cause dangerous heart rhythms.
What happens if you warm a person with hypothermia too quickly?
500
Help move the person to a cool place to rest, give an electrolyte containing fluid, lightly stretch muscles / massage the area.
What are the 3 steps to caring for heat cramps?
500
Death
What can heat stroke lead to if left untreated?
500
Inadequate fluids in the body's tissues.
What is dehydration?




Heat-Related and Cold-Related Emergencies

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