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Mesopotamia Civilizations Sumer Sumer Take-over Miscellaneous
100
What is meant by "between the rivers"
Mesopotamia
100
What is the smallest group of people that eventually lead to the creation of a large civilization?
hunter-gathers
100
What did each city and the surrounding land it controlled form?
city-state
100
Who created the world's first empire?
Sargon
100
What did flooding of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers do for the land?
bring silt to make it more fertile for farming
200
What is another name for Mesopotamia
Fertile Crescent
200
What made farming so hard for people in Mesopotamia?
extreme weather conditions
200
What is the pyramid shaped temple of the Sumerians called?
ziggurat
200
Which group overwhelmed the Sumerians?
Amorites
200
How far does the Fertile Crescent extend?
from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea
300
What is Northern Mesopotamia bordered by?
mountains
300
What was the best way to control water flow in Mesopotamia?
irrigation
300
What did food surpluses allow the Sumerians to increase?
long-distance trade
300
What city became the capital of Sumer?
Babylon
300
What connected basins to ditches to help with irrigation?
canals
400
Where would early people mostly settle?
where crops would grow
400
What is it called to have different types of workers in a more accomplished society?
Division of labor
400
What is a series of rulers from a single family called?
dynasty
400
Who was the most important ruler of the Babylonian Empire?
Hammurabi
400
What was still the basis for each society when cities began to appear?
agriculture
500
What are the 2 main rivers of Mesopotamia
Tigris and Euphrates
500
What was the results of irrigation?
food surplus
500
Who was the legendary king who searched for immortality?
Gilgamesh
500
What is the most famous phrase of Hammurabi's code?
an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth
500
Who controlled Sumer's earliest government?
priests




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