Elements of Schema Methods of Elaboration Ages of Writing Rhetoric Potpourri
What is Antithesis?
The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure. Emphasizes dissimilarities and contraries.

Example: Love is an ideal thing, marriage a real thing."
What is an Anecdote?
A short account of a hypothetical or actual experience which serves to better illustrate a point or set of evidence.
What is the Elizabethan Age?
The epoch in English history of Queen Elizabeth I's reign. Historians often depict it as the golden age in English history.
What is an Understatement?
Figurative language that presents the facts in a way that makes them appear much less significant than they really are; almost always used for comic effect.

Example: "I have to have this operation. It isn't very serious. I have this tiny little tumor on
What is irony?
Ex: Five firefighters foolishly forgot they were flammable.
What is Parenthesis?
The insertion of some verbal unit in a position that interrupts the normal syntactical flow of the sentence.
What is a Quotation?
The repetition or use of another person’s expression in one’s own work, indicated by marks surrounding the statement.
What is Romanticism?
A movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual.
What is Aphorism?
A concise, pithy statement of an opinion or a general truth.
What is a paradox?
Ex: "Don't go near the water until you've learned to swim."
What is Anaphora?
The repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginnings of successive clauses.

Example: "We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength i
What is an Allusion?
A figure of speech that involves a direct or indirect reference to, or a representation of, people, places, events, literary work, myth, etc.
What is the Victorian Period?
The period of British history when Queen Victoria ruled; it includes the entire second half of the nineteenth century, a time when Britain was the most powerful nation in the world. Known for a rather stern morality.
What is Metonymy?
When one term is substituted for another term with which it is closely related.
What is an oxymoron?
Ex: Deafening silence.
What is Asyndeton?
The deliberate omission of conjunctions between a series of related clauses to produce a hurried rhythm in the sentence.
What is an Analogy?
A comparison between two words (or sets of words) to highlight some form of similarity between them, or to better convey a thought or idea.
What is Modernism?
A style or movement in the arts that aims to break with classical and traditional forms.
What is Circumlocution?
Talking around a subject/ talking around a word.
What is a cliché?
Ex: "Better late than never." "Ripe old age." "Fit as a fiddle."
What is Chiasmus?
The reversal of grammatical structure in successive phrases or clauses.

Example: Fair is foul, and foul is fair."
(William Shakespeare, Macbeth I.i)
What is Imagery?
A writer’s use of vivid description to create a more realistic world or situation. This method appeals to human senses and allows the reader to get a better understanding of the writing.

Ex: "At the next table a woman stuck her nose in a novel; a college
What is the Age of Enlightenment?
The European philosophical and artistic movement, between roughly 1660 and 1770, developing out of the Renaissance and continuing until the nineteenth century. An optimistic belief that humanity could improve itself by applying logic and reason to all thi
What is Apheresis?
The omission of a syllable from the beginning of a word.
What is a soliloquy?
An act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, esp. by a character in a play.

Elements of Language and Composition

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