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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT THEORIES AND THEORISTS SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT MISCELLANEOUS
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What is SCAFFOLDING?
A form of assistance that supports and furthers understanding in the learner
10
What is CHILD DIRECTED SPEECH?
Language that is spoken in a higher pitch than normal, with dimple words and sentences
10
Who is PIAGET?
This person believed that stages of development unfold through maturation, and that children construct knowledge through interactions
10
What is SELF ESTEEM?
A person’s overall evaluation of self-worth
10
What is NEGLECT?
The most common form of child maltreatment
20
What is OBJECT PERMANCE?
The cognitive milestone that occurs when babies develop the understanding that objects and people continue to exist when they can’t be seen
20
What is LANGUAGE ACQUISITION DEVICE?
A theoretical biological gift that makes it possible for children to acquire language easily, especially syntax
20
Who is VYGOTSKY?
This person believed that social interactions are the primarily influence on development
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What is SELF CONCEPT?
A person’s evaluation of his/her specific skills
20
What is TERATOGEN?
Anything that can potentially cause a birth defect or alter cognitive or behavioral outcomes after birth
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What is ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOPMENT?
What a child can learn with the assistances of an adult or more-skilled peer
30
What is MORPHEME?
The smallest unit of meaning in a language
30
Who is KOHLBERG?
This person created a six-stage theory of moral development based on reasoning
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What is PERSPECTIVE TAKING?
The ability to perceive another person’s point of view
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What is ALTRUISM?
An unselfish interest in helping another person
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What is WORKING MEMORY?
The mental “tool bench” where individuals assemble and manipulate information
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What is SYNTAX?
The way words are combined to form acceptable phrases and sentences; grammar
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What is BEHAVORISM?
This school of thought places an emphasis on scientific research and conditioning as a learning mode.
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What is EMPATHY?
Reacting to another’s feelings with an emotional response similar to the other’s feelings
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What is AUTHORITARIAN PARENTING?
A restrictive, punitive style of parenting where firm limits and controls are placed on children, often without explanation
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What is ACCOMODATION?
Adjusting schemes to fit new information and experiences.
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What is SEMANTICS?
The meaning of words and sentences
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Who is BANDURA?
This person created a social cognitive theory that emphasizes self-regulation as the basis for moral behavior.
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What is ALTRUISM?
An unselfish interest in helping another person
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What is AUTHORITATIVE PARENTING?
A style of parenting which encourages independence but still places limits and controls on actions






ECE 103: CHILD DEVELOPMENT

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