Matter Molecules and Atoms Nucleic acids Proteins Carbohydrates
100
What is biochemistry?
The branch of science that studies the chemistry of living organisms
100
What is a molecule?
A group of two or more atoms
100
What are nucleic acids?
Molecules that store and transfer information within the cell and tell the cell how to build proteins
100
What are amino acids?
Special molecules used by living organisms to make proteins
100
What are monosaccharides?
This is the simplest form of carbohydrate
200
What are atoms?
The extremely small building blocks of all matter. They are made up of neutrons, protons, and electrons.
200
What is water?
The molecule that is made up of 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom
200
What is a nucleotide?
The basic building block of nucleic acids. They are made up of a sugar, a base, and a phosphate group
200
What is food?
We get amino acids from both our body and this
200
What is store energy and provide structure?
Carbohydrates do these two things
300
What is chemistry?
The branch of science that studies the properties of matter and how matter interacts with energy
300
What are chemical bonds?
The things that hold together atoms in molecules
300
What is DNA?
The abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid
300
What are bacteria?
Proteins can create antibodies to fight off these
300
What is a disaccharide?
Lactose is this type of carbohydrate
400
What is density?
How much space an object takes up in relation to the amount of matter in that object
400
What is a supersaturated solution?
A liquid that has more dissolved particles than what could normally fit
400
What is RNA?
The nucleic acid with only one strand
400
What are catalysts?
These proteins help carry out chemical reactions in our bodies
400
What is number of carbon atoms in the molecule and how the monosaccharides are bonded?
These two things affect what type of carbohydrate is made
500
What are quarks?
The things that neutrons and protons are made of
500
What are atoms?
There are 109 types of these.
500
What is the nucleus?
The part of the cell where DNA is housed
500
What is 20?
There are this many types of amino acids
500
What is three to six?
There are this many monosaccharides in an oligosaccharide




Biochemistry

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