Reverse Taboo By Another Definition Begins with Famous Quotes
What is a Simile

Simile: a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind
~"She was a fierce as lioness protecting her cub."
like, as, comparison
What is a Climax

Climax: a moment of great or culminating intensity in a narrative or drama, especially the conclusion of a crisis, the turning point in a plot or dramatic action
the top of a plot chart

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What is Alliteration

~"Alice’s aunt ate apples and acorns around August."
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words
What is a Metaphor

Metaphor: a figure of speech in which an implied comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something in common
"All the world’s a stage, and all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances." (William Shakespeare)

earn 400 points if answered correctly. Lose 200 points if incorrect.
What is Irony

Irony: the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect
~"A man who is a traffic cop gets his license suspended for unpaid parking tickets"
opposite, contradicting, unexpected, not literal
What is Ethos, Logos, and Pathos

Ethos: credibility or ethical appeal
Logos: logical, persuading by the use of reasoning
Pathos: emotional, persuading by appealing to the reader's emotions
three persuasive devices

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What is Anaphora

~"I needed a drink, I needed a lot of life insurance, I needed a vacation, I needed a home in the country. What I had was a coat, a hat and a gun." (Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, 1940)
a rhetorical term for the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses
What is Parallelism

Parallelism: similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses
“I have a dream that one day this nation…I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia…I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi…I have a dream that my four children…I have a dream today” (Martin Luther King Jr.)
What is a Complex Sentence

Complex Sentence: an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses, always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which
~"Juan and Maria went
sentence, dependent clause, independent clause
What is a Paradox

Paradox: an argument that produces an inconsistency, typically within logic or common sense; most logical paradoxes are known to be invalid arguments but are still valuable in promoting critical thinking
absurd or self-contradictory statement

Earn 1200 points if answered correctly. Lose 600 points if wrong.
What is Asyndeton

~"He was a bag of bones, a floppy doll, a broken stick, a maniac."
(Jack Kerouac, On the Road, 1957)
a rhetorical term for a writing style that omits conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses

answer correctly and you get to skip the next team's turn
What is Chiasmus

Chiasmus: a verbal pattern (a type of antithesis) in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first, with the parts reversed
"Fair is foul, and foul is fair."
(William Shakespeare, Macbeth I.i)

What is Juxtaposition

Juxtaposition: the placing of verbal elements side by side, leaving it up to the reader to establish connections and impose a meaning
~"The quiet whispers of lovers and the loud sounds of the crowds."
compare/contrast, emphasize, organization, consecutive

earn 1600 points if answered correctly! Lose 800 if incorrect
What is SOAPS Tone

S: Speaker
O: Occasion
A: Audience
P: Purpose
S: Setting
document analysis tool
What is Assonance

~"If I bleat when I speak it's because I just got . . . fleeced." (Al Swearengen in Deadwood, 2004)
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds in neighboring words

earn 1600 points if answered correctly. Lose 800 points if answered incorrectly
What is a Periphrasis

Periphrasis: a roundabout description of something--verbosity, a form of circumlocution; periphrasis is commonly considered a stylistic vice
"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal." (Abraham Lincoln - The Gettysburg Address)

What is Paronomasia

Paronomasia: the use of a word in different senses or the use of words similar in sound for effect, as humor or ambiguity; punning
~"I used to be a tap dancer until I fell in the sink."
alike sound, different meaning

What is Imagery

Imagery: signifies all the sensory perceptions referred to , whether by literal description, allusion, simile, or metaphor. Imagery is not limited to visual imagery; it also includes auditory (sound), tactile (touch), thermal (heat and co
vivid and descriptive language
What is Anthimeria

~"The thunder would not peace at my bidding". (Shakespeare, King Lear, IV, vi.)
a rhetorical term for the use of one part of speech (or word class) in place of another; also known as a functional shift or conversion
What is a Zeugma

Zeugma: A rhetorical term for the use of a word to modify or govern two or more words although its use may be grammatically or logically correct with only one
"You are free to execute your laws, and your citizens, as you see fit." (Star Trek: The Next Generation)

AP Language and Composition

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